After putting Launch programs on Hold, this is how ISRO is Serving the Nation 

COVID-19 has put a pause on research & development for some time. Meanwhile, ISRO is busy preparing ventilator models to ease patients' breathing problems and save lives. 

After putting Launch programs on Hold, this is how ISRO is Serving the Nation 
this is how ISRO is Serving the Nation 

After putting Launch programs on Hold, this is how ISRO is Serving the Nation 

As we are eagerly waiting for ISRO's upcoming missions that include Gaganyaan, Chandrayaan-3, and Aditya, COVID-19 has put a pause on research & development for some time. Meanwhile, the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) is busy preparing ventilator models to ease patients' breathing problems and save lives. 

These ventilator models are easy to operate and different from the existing ventilators. The specialty of ISRO's ventilators is that they can work even in the absence of power supply. It is doing the designing part only, and the ventilators will be manufactured in mass by industries.

ISRO has picked experts from several divisions of the units to accomplish the ventilator project. It is in response to a Central Government call that demanded sufficient numbers to treat the severe cases of coronavirus.

Three unique models with a special purpose

The designing team is the leading unit of ISRO for the launch vehicles. 

From the three different models designed by a multi-disciplinary team of Vikram Sarbhai Space center, two are undergoing tests. Two out of three models are based on an automated bag-valve-mask model. The third one revolves around an in-house design. This unique design is completely developed by the VSSC.

The model, which is exclusively based on VSSC design, does not make use of any battery back up. It works on compressed air and deploys electricity at a small scale, which is used only for the displays. The prototype is undergoing tests. 

For the development of an advanced, blower based model, VSSC has collaborated with the Liquid Propulsion Systems Center (LPSC) situated in Thiruvananthapuram. This will be an India made ventilator to replace the high-end imported models being used in hospitals. 

Following the social distancing and safety guidelines, computer systems & communication are taking place in secure conditions. Only the critical operations are carried out by the staff which is necessary. Timely video conferencing is making the coordination easier. 

Ventilators & Social distancing are need of the hour 

Until the scientists come out with a successful vaccine for COVID-19, our awareness and precautions are the only lifesavers. 

VSSC is also producing face masks, oxygen canisters, and sanitizers to control the spread of disease. For treating the infected, ventilators are crucial, and hence their demands have shot up dramatically. Recently, the ventilator developed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory also got approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 

Ventilators are very important in treating severe cases of COVID-19. Since the patient starts having difficulty in breathing as the virus damages the lungs, a ventilator, not only pushes air to increase the oxygen levels, it also helps in matching the body temperature of the sufferer. 

For mild symptoms, non-invasive ventilation is used in the form of facemasks, nasal masks, and mouthpieces. 

To conclude, space agencies like ISRO and NASA are doing their best to support our mother planet and simultaneously preparing to explore space. If things go well, 2020 will be known for its incredible space missions too.