How Geospatial technology is saving biodiversity in Africa 

With the increase in accessibility to satellite data, the conservation communities are finding newer tools to utilize it.

How Geospatial technology is saving biodiversity in Africa 
How Geospatial technology is saving biodiversity in Africa 

How Geospatial technology is saving biodiversity in Africa 

Geospatial data help fill the information gaps in old maps and builds a strong base for plans. Africa is using satellite data for conservation practices. Habitat loss, grassland degradation, wildfires, and deforestation are a threat to biodiversity. With the increase in accessibility to satellite data, the conservation communities are finding newer tools to utilize it.

When Tom Snitch used a satellite Imagery of a park to track poachers, the Rangers could patrol the park easily using the bird's eye view of the location. Eventually, the poaching stopped, and they realized the power of geospatial technology.

Many remote sensing datasets are freely available such as Sentinel, MODIS, and Landsat. MODIS data was found to be very useful to understand the pattern of fires in Kafue National Park. This tool provided temperature data used to control the burning and spread of fires that could have resulted in greater loss. 

Using Google Earth Engine, one can easily calculate vegetation and other things necessary for conservation practices. The cloud-based platform provides you with analytic capabilities along with vast geospatial datasets. 

Another way to save animals from poaching is by using tracking collars that inform about the animal's location in real-time. The staff can easily track animals' movements on the digital map of the park using colorful icons. If the staff finds any large cluster in a particular area, they immediately report the rangers in the field to check what is bothering the animals because they find safety in groups. 

Also, digital twin technology is being adopted in Africa to understand the parks' pattern and complexity. African Parks is now finding smart ways to save their wildlife and vegetation. They are even investigating how Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning can help in better planning. Use of IoT devices into conservation is another milestone. The sensors in the park assist rangers in collecting & documenting animals and guarding them at every corner. 

GIS tracking and location intelligence reveal the illicit supply chain of poachers. Now arrests of poachers have increased, and animals are showing relaxed behavior. The help of local communities and the enforcement of the law has reduced poaching dramatically. Saving biodiversity is crucial to community development and the ecosystem. Integration geospatial techniques help in a better understanding of the assets and guides on how to protect them.