How is India Fighting Coronavirus Pandemic? 

E-governance, e-banking, high-resolution satellite imageries, or drones, technology is helping to take initiatives in fighting COVID-19. Let us see how smart cities in India are fighting COVID-19 pandemic. 

How is India Fighting Coronavirus Pandemic? 
How is India Fighting Coronavirus Pandemic? 

How is India Fighting Coronavirus Pandemic? 

For sustainable development, urban areas that are major job hubs and economy centres must work seamlessly. COVID-19 has almost blocked various systems and workflows. When the entire world is under significant threat, IT connectivity is a game-changer. E-governance, e-banking, high-resolution satellite imageries, or drones, technology is helping to take initiatives in fighting COVID-19. Let us see how smart cities in India are fighting COVID-19 pandemic. 

Role of Integrated Command-and-Control Centers

The National Smart Cities Mission by India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi is a retrofitting program for urban development and renewal. Now, the government has started using the ICCC's of this program for real-time monitoring and surveillance of the current pandemic. 

These centres of smart cities are like war rooms that get information about the total positive cases in several administrative zones. All the suspected COVID-19 cases and people under quarantine are being tracked here.

The technology is reaching the command centres for virtual training to doctors and medical professionals. Tele-counselling and telemedicine through video conferencing are following the guidelines of the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW). Also, the Niti Aayog and the Indian Medical Council have permitted healthcare professionals to prescribe on telephone, video, or text. It has reduced the spread of disease as fewer people step out of their homes. 

Cities that are participating in the initiative

CCTV surveillance of common places and GIS mapping of positive coronavirus cases is being done in command centres of Delhi, Maharashtra, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Madhya Pradesh. The GPS of healthcare workers is also getting monitored. The district administration and central government, police, and civic authorities are working together to manage the situation. 

The coordination between centre and states via the central command centre at Nirman Bhavan in New Delhi is delivering positive results. The data is also being used to prepare predictive analytics in the form of heat maps for affected zones. These heat maps are useful to monitor the movements and conducting periodic health check-ups. Processes like geo-fencing are crucial to take action. 

Also, the real-time tracking of ambulances and disinfection processes are being done across different zones of the cities. 

Pune Smart City Development Corporation Limited (PSCDCL), in collaboration with Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC), is developing an integrated data dashboard. Here, each case is mapped with the help of geo-spatial information to monitor the areas for creating buffer zones. The coronavirus app launched by the Nagpur Municipal corporation identifies the symptoms as soon as you enter the details. If the symptoms get matched, the app informs the municipal doctors immediately. 

Bhopal, Ujjain, and other cities of Madhya Pradesh are also working smartly to fulfil the healthcare needs. About 40 Medical Mobile Units (MMU) are working in Ujjain. In Jabalpur, Mobile Action Unit ( MAU) and a dedicated Rapid Response Team (RRT) are there in the civic wards for an ambulance, screening, and more. 

Gandhinagar, Gujarat, is providing contacts of grocery stores to residents. The trends of the spread of disease in Surat can be seen on the dashboard provided by the Surat Municipal Corporation, on the basis of zones, age, and gender. 

In Tamil Nadu also a team of 25 doctors is working at an ICCC to watch the quarantined. In Chennai, too, 25 doctors are providing their services at the ICCC. In UP, ICCC's are keeping an eye on Aligarh, Kanpur, etc. At the ICCC, Aligarh, doctors are available between 11 am to 8 pm for telemedicine and video conferencing. 

Till now, ICCCs are working successfully. Smart cities show the success of government, economy, technology, and education. Fighting COVID-19 in a country with a large population is possible only with the combination of these smart techniques.