Some Interesting Facts about ISRO's Chandrayaan-2 Mission

India's second lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 is going to be steered by two women- project director M Vanitha and mission director Ritu Karidhal. 

Some Interesting Facts about ISRO's Chandrayaan-2 Mission
interesting-facts-about-chandrayaan-2-mission

Some Interesting Facts about ISRO's Chandrayaan-2 Mission

Journey to the moon continues with India's Chandrayaan-2

Chandrayaan-2, a robotic lunar mission of ISRO, will be launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh on July 15, 2019, at 2:51 am. GSLV MK III, India's powerful rocket launcher, also referred to as Baahubali, will be used for the mission. 

India's second lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 is going to be steered by two women- project director M Vanitha and mission director Ritu Karidhal. 

Chandrayaan-2' s success will make India the first country to soft-land a rover on Moon's South Polar region, known as the dark side. 

The mission cost with regard to the satellite was Rs 603 crore, and the cost of GSLV MK III is Rs 375 crore.  The spacecraft has three modules Orbiter, Lander ( Vikram) and Rover (Pragyan). The spacecraft mass is 3.8 tonne. 
Orbiter, having scientific payloads would orbit around the moon and Lander would soft-land on the moon at a predetermined site and deploy Rover. 

The six-wheeled Rover, Pragyan, will explore Moon surface for 14 Earth days and travel around 500 meters from the landing spot. 

While Chandrayaan-1 gained credit for the discovery of water on the lunar surface, the scientific payloads on three modules of Chandrayaan -2 are expected to perform mineralogical and elemental studies of the lunar surface. 

Also Watch: How will Chandyaan-2 be launched?

Chandrayaan -2 is an advanced version of the previous Chandrayaan-1 mission. Chandrayaan-1, launched about ten years ago carried eleven payloads- five from India, three from Europe, two from the U.S. and one from Bulgaria. PSLV launched the 1.4-tonne spacecraft, and the orbiter had orbited 100 km from the lunar surface. 

On September 6 or 7, the landing on the moon near the South Pole would take place, which is unchartered territory so far. 

The lunar South Pole has its larger section of the surface under the shadow. It is possible that water is present there. The South polar region also has craters that are cold traps, containing a fossilised record of the early Solar System.

Soft landing of Chandrayaan-2 in a high plain between two craters -Manzinus C and Simpelius N-at a latitude of about 70 Â degree south would take place. 

It is expected that the learnings from Chandrayaan -2 will be helpful to ISRO's Gaganyaan mission that aims to send humans to space by 2021-22. 

"Moon is essential because it has the potential to become an intermediate space station between Earth and Mars. Moon can be visualised, to become a space industrial centre, particularly with all its frozen helium," APJ Abdul Kalam said in a 2006 speech titled 'Vision for space application'. 

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